To understand and to know more about DepEd, here's a comprehensive guide for you.
What is DepEd?
DepEd, an acronym for the Department of Education, stands as the cornerstone of the Philippines' basic education system. This government agency bears the significant responsibility of ensuring access to quality education for every Filipino learner.
In this comprehensive guide, we will unveil the essence of DepEd—what it represents, why it holds immense importance, and how it profoundly influences the educational journey of millions of students nationwide.
History and Founding of DepEd
To comprehend the intricate tapestry of education in the Philippines, one must traverse the annals of history. From ancient tribal teachings to meticulously organized systems under various rulers, the Department of Education (DepEd) has consistently held a central position in the evolution of learning.
Before the Spanish Era
Long before the arrival of Spanish explorers, education was a humble affair, transpiring within the confines of homes and tribal areas. Parents and tribal tutors imparted practical skills, emphasizing utility over formal academics.
During the Rule of Spanish
With the advent of Spanish colonization, education underwent a significant transformation. Spanish Missionaries replaced tribal tutors, infusing religious teachings into the educational fabric. Initially limited to the elite class, educational accessibility expanded due to the Educational Decree of 1863.
American Influence and Educational Reform
Following the defeat of the Spanish, American authorities introduced sweeping changes. Closed schools were reopened, and Act No. 74 in 1901 made elementary education free and mandatory. The arrival of American teachers, known as Thomasites, heralded the establishment of a centralized public school system.
World War II and Curricular Adjustments
The tumultuous period of World War II brought about alterations in the education landscape. Japanese occupation led to the modification of subjects, with Tagalog, Philippine History, and Character Education reserved for Filipino students. The Department of Instruction underwent a renaming under the Department of Public Instruction.
In 1947, the Department of Instruction transitioned into the Department of Education through Executive Order No. 94. Subsequent years witnessed further organizational shifts, culminating in the formation of the Department of Education, Culture, and Sports in 1987.
Education Act: The Creation of CHED and TESDA
The turning point arrived in 1982 with the enactment of the Education Act, establishing the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports. By 1994, an emphasis on basic education led to the creation of CHED and TESDA for higher and technical-vocational education.
Entering the 21st Century: The Birth of DepEd
In August 2001, Republic Act 9155 reshaped the landscape, transforming the Department of Education, Culture, and Sports into the Department of Education, known as DepEd. This legislation aimed to empower school leaders, fostering school-based management and equipping students with comprehensive skills, knowledge, and values for a well-rounded life.
As we navigate the intricate threads of history, it becomes evident that DepEd's pivotal role has profoundly shaped the educational trajectory of the Philippines. Its enduring commitment to providing quality education stands as a testament to its unwavering dedication to molding generations of informed and empowered citizens.
Mission, Vision & Mandate
DepEd’s Vision – A Dream for Filipinos:
Imagine a Philippines where its people love their country deeply and possess the values and skills to reach their full potential, actively contributing to nation-building.
This is the dream of the Department of Education (DepEd). As a learner-centered institution, DepEd continually works to improve itself, ensuring better service to its stakeholders.
DepEd’s Mission – Ensuring Quality Education for Every Filipino:
DepEd is on a mission to protect and promote the right of every Filipino to a quality, equitable, culture-based, and complete basic education.
In this mission:
- Students learn in a child-friendly, gender-sensitive, safe, and motivating environment.
- Teachers play a crucial role in facilitating learning and nurturing every learner.
- Administrators and staff act as stewards, creating an enabling and supportive environment for effective learning.
- Families, communities, and other stakeholders actively engage, sharing responsibility for developing life-long learners.
Core Values Guiding DepEd:
DepEd is guided by four core values that shape its actions and decisions:
- Maka-Diyos (God-Centered)
- Maka-tao (People-Centered)
- Makakalikasan (Environment-Centered)
- Makabansa (Nation-Centered)
In the hierarchy of the Department of Education (DepEd) in the Philippines, there are several key officers who play crucial roles in the formulation and implementation of educational policies, programs, and initiatives. These officers include the Secretary of Education, Undersecretaries, and Assistant Secretaries. Here's a brief overview of their roles and responsibilities:
Secretary of Education
The Secretary of Education is the head of the Department of Education and serves as the principal executive officer of the agency. Appointed by the President of the Philippines, the Secretary oversees the entire education system in the country. Their responsibilities include setting the direction for national education policies, implementing educational reforms, and ensuring the delivery of quality education to all Filipino learners. The Secretary of Education represents the DepEd in various national and international forums and plays a pivotal role in shaping the future of education in the Philippines.
Undersecretaries are high-ranking officials within the DepEd hierarchy. They are appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Education. Undersecretaries assist the Secretary in the overall management and administration of the department. They are typically assigned specific portfolios or areas of focus, such as basic education, curriculum development, finance, or legal affairs. Undersecretaries work closely with the Secretary to develop policies, programs, and projects that align with the department's goals and objectives. They also coordinate with various bureaus and offices under the DepEd to ensure the effective implementation of educational initiatives.
Assistant Secretaries are officials with significant responsibilities within the DepEd. They are appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Education. Assistant Secretaries assist the Undersecretaries in their respective areas of focus. They are involved in policy formulation, program development, and coordination of activities related to their assigned portfolios. Assistant Secretaries work closely with different divisions and offices within the DepEd to implement specific projects and initiatives. They contribute to the decision-making process and provide valuable insights into the development and improvement of the Philippine education system.
ATTRACTIONS TO SEE IN MANILA
DepEd’s Historical Evolution and Present Mandate
The Department of Education’s origins can be traced back to the Education Decree of 1863, a historical document that marked its inception. Over time, the department has undergone various reorganizations, adapting to the evolving landscape of different administrations and charters.
In its contemporary form, DepEd's mandate finds its foundation in Republic Act 9155, commonly referred to as the Governance of Basic Education Act of 2001. This legislation outlines the department's fundamental roles and responsibilities.
DepEd is entrusted with the pivotal tasks of formulating, executing, and coordinating policies, plans, programs, and projects in both formal and non-formal basic education sectors. This oversight extends across all elementary and secondary educational institutions, encompassing both public and private entities, as well as alternative learning systems.
The department's unwavering commitment lies in establishing and sustaining a comprehensive, sufficient, and integrated basic education system that harmonizes with the overarching objectives of national development.
In essence, DepEd’s mission, vision, values, and mandated responsibilities synergize to cultivate a vibrant and inclusive educational landscape. This synergy ensures that every Filipino, regardless of background, is afforded the opportunity to access quality education, thereby illuminating the path to a brighter and more prosperous future for the entire nation.
ACTIVITIES AND TOURS IN MANILA
DepEd Main Office Contact Information
Address: 2nd Floor Department Of Education Building, DepEd Meralco Avenue, Pasig, 1605 Metro Manila
Contact Numbers: (+63 2) 8636 1663 | 8633 1942 | 8635-9817 | 8638-7530 | 8638-7531 | 8638-7529 | (+63 919) 456 0027 | (+63 995) 921 8461
The following agencies, councils and schools are attached to DepEd for policy and program coordination:
- Ministry of Basic, Higher and Technical Education
- Instructional Materials Council (IMC)
- National Academy of Sports (NAS)
- National Book Development Board (NBDB)
- National Council for Children’s Television (NCCT)
- National Museum of the Philippines
- National Science Teaching Instrumentation Center (NSTIC)
- Philippine High School for the Arts (PHSA)
Opportunities for Careers at the Department of Education (DepEd)
The Department of Education (DepEd) presents diverse career pathways catering to individuals at different stages of their professional journey.
Regardless of whether you are embarking on your career or bringing years of experience, DepEd opens doors in teaching, administration, curriculum development, and a myriad of support roles.
Teachers assume a pivotal role in shaping the future by nurturing students, while administrators contribute to the management and enhancement of the education system.
In addition, DepEd provides opportunities in research, policy development, and educational technology, making it an inclusive hub for those dedicated to the field of education.
For those eager to inspire student learning and development or contribute to the enhancement of the education landscape, DepEd offers a multitude of avenues to explore your passion and expertise.
In the realm of Philippine education, the Department of Education (DepEd) stands as a vital pillar, ensuring the delivery of quality education to all. With a steadfast commitment to providing equitable and comprehensive basic education, guided by unwavering core values and mandated by Republic Act 9155, DepEd is the bedrock upon which the nation's educational future is built.
For prospective applicants, here are some invaluable pointers:
Grasp the Mission: Immerse yourself in DepEd's mission and values. Aligning your aspirations with theirs can significantly enhance your appeal as a candidate.
Explore Diverse Avenues: Delve into the myriad of career opportunities within DepEd, spanning from teaching to administration, research, and technology. Identify the path that resonates with your skills and passions.
Stay Current: Stay abreast of educational policies, trends, and innovations. Keeping yourself well-informed underscores your dedication to staying abreast of the latest developments in the field.
Commit to Growth: Showcase your dedication to continuous learning and professional advancement. Highlight any additional certifications or training that augment your qualifications.
Highlight Your Impact: Demonstrate how your skills and experiences align with DepEd's objectives. Paint a vivid picture of how you can contribute meaningfully to the mission of delivering quality education to all.
By adhering to these insights, you can position yourself as a robust candidate, poised to make a substantial difference in DepEd's ongoing endeavors to shape the educational landscape of the Philippines. Best of luck on your journey!
Career Opportunities at Philippine Government Agencies
- Department of Education (DepEd)
- Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)
- Department of Health (DOH)
- Department of Information and Communication Technology (DICT)
- Department of Justice (DOJ)
- Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)
- Department of Migrant Workers (DMW)
- Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)
- Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)
- Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)
- Department of Tourism (DOT)
- Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)
- Department of Transportation (DOTr)
- Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA)
- Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA)
- Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth)
- Social Security System (SSS)